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How is soap made… part II: Small Traditional Manufacturing

This film shows the process of traditional soap production in the old soap factory in central Nablus..

Yet a batch of olive oil soap can take up to a month to produce. Modern producers in Nablus insist the formula has not varied over the centuries, despite the availability of modern chemical compounds found in most manufactured soaps. Ingredients are mixed in a large vat over low heat for approximately five days, before the mixture is poured over a large floor space. Shortly afterward, casts are laid down to cut the soap into individual blocks, which are then stamped with the traditional seal of the factory of production. Once the soap is cut into blocks, it is stacked in geometric towers which allow for air circulation that assists in the drying process. The towering pyramids of soap climb to heights of over eight feet, and line the halls of the factory’s drying room for a period of between ten and thirty days, before they can be packaged and shipped.

The ingredients are basic, Virgin olive oil, water, and a sodium compound.


Laundry Soap Manufacturing. Traditional Indian method of Soap making.


Processes accredited by the Craft of the Valencia Community Hallmark (Spain), which recently has been granted to the company.

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Uncategorized

How is soap made… part I: Factory Production

Soap and detergent manufacturing consists of a broad range of processing and packaging operations. The size and complexity of these operations vary from small plants employing a few people to those with several hundred workers. Products range from large-volume types like laundry detergents that are used on a regular basis to lower-volume specialties for less frequent cleaning needs.

Cleaning products come in three principal forms: bars, powders and liquids. Some liquid products are so viscous that they are gels. The first step in manufacturing all three forms is the selection of raw materials. Raw materials are chosen according to many criteria, including their human and environmental safety, cost, compatibility with other ingredients, and the form and performance characteristics of the finished product. While actual production processes may vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, there are steps which are common to all products of a similar form.

Let’s start by looking at bar soap manufacturing and then we’ll review the processes used to make powder and liquid detergents.
Traditional bar soaps are made from fats and oils or their fatty acids which are reacted with inorganic water-soluble bases. The main sources of fats are beef and mutton tallow, while palm, coconut and palm kernel oils are the principal oils used in soapmaking. The raw materials may be pretreated to remove impurities and to achieve the color, odor and performance features desired in the finished bar.

Soap was made by the batch kettle boiling method until shortly after World War II, when continuous processes were developed. Continuous processes are preferred today because of their flexibility, speed and economics.

Both continuous and batch processes produce soap in liquid form, called neat soap, and a valuable by-product, glycerine. The glycerine is recovered by chemical treatment, followed by evaporation and refining. Refined glycerine is an important industrial material used in foods, cosmetics, drugs and many other products.

The next processing step after saponification or neutralization is drying. Vacuum spray drying is used to convert the neat soap into dry soap pellets. The moisture content of the pellets will vary depending on the desired properties of the soap bar.

In the final processing step, the dry soap pellets pass through a bar soap finishing line. The first unit in the line is a mixer, called an amalgamator, in which the soap pellets are blended together with fragrance, colorants and all other ingredients The mixture is then homogenized and refined through rolling mills and refining plodders to achieve thorough blending and a uniform texture . Finally, the mixture is continuously extruded from the plodder, cut into bar-size units and stamped into its final shape in a soap press .

Some of today’s bar soaps are called „combo bars,“ because they get their cleansing action from a combination of soap and synthetic surfactants. Others, called „syndet bars,“ feature surfactants as the main cleansing ingredients. The processing methods for manufacturing the synthetic base materials for these bars are very different from those used in traditional soapmaking. However, with some minor modifications, the finishing line equipment is the same.

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soap

Chocolate Vanilla Soap

This one is full of kindness & love with about a tablespoon of good spirits and a dash of bliss, a little bit of chocolate and a pinch of vanilla and a cupful of good clean fun!!

Enjoy the sweet scent of vanilla and chocolate combined in this creamy cocoa butter bar.

Chocolate and vanilla is one of the best combinations on the planet. The deepness of the chocolate and the sweet mellowness of the vanilla work so well together. This is one of best loved soaps. The Olive oil and the cocoa butter are wonderful moisturizers.


Ingredients:

Olive oil, Water, Lard, Cococnut oil, Hydroxide sodium, Cocoa Butter, Raw Cocoa powder, F.O. Chocolate, F.O. Vanilla, Vanilla powder, Milk powder, Cornstarch, Titanium dioxide.

45g +-5%

Natural Cold Process Soap

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Health

Gemmotherapy

Gemmotherapy is a modern method of draining the organism. It uses plant bud extract and other embryonic plant tissues to open cellular detoxification pathways. It employs buds, inner bark, rootlets, or very young shoots of plants from various woodland trees and shrubs. They are harvested in the spring, throughout the period of cellular division and plant growth. During this stage they contain the highest concentration of active growth factor hormones, auxins, and gibberllins. These hormonal agents contain valuable informative matter required for the drainage of various organs and tissues at the cellular level.

In order to extract the embryonic substance from the fresh buds, fresh plant material is macerated in a solution of 50/50 glycerin and alcohol for three weeks. It is then filtered and diluted. It is prescribed in the fist decimal potency for maximum effect.

Gemmotherapy extends the drainage of toxins beyond the excretory organs. It takes in the detoxification of the skin, bones, heart, and nervous system.

Gemmotherapy can be used alone or in combination with other modalities.

Gemmotherapy – Clinical Treatment Remedies

Abies pectinata:

Indicated for children’s teeth and bones, decalcification of bones, demineralization of tissues, formation of bone callus, rhinopharyngitis, dental caries, pyorrhea, alveolitis, fractures

Acer campestre:

Sequels of poliomyelitis, paralysis, zona, high blood cholesterol, atherosclerosis

Alnus glutinosa:

Cerebral degeneration, memory loss, myocarditis, migraines, osteoporosis, rhinitis, sinusitis, laryngitis, duodenal ulcer, urticaria, arthritis

Betula pubescens:

Acts as an antihistamine, facilitates thyroid function, degenerative inflammatory diseases, gout, periodontitis, puberty, menopause, finger arthritis, pyorrhea, myocarditis

Carpinus betulus:

Rhinopharyngitis, coughing spells, bronchitis, whooping cough, sinusitis, high cholesterol, arteriosclerosis, allergic coryza

Castanea vesca:

Lymphatic drainer of the lower limbs, edema of the feet, varicose veins, varicose ulcer, cellulites

Cedrus libani:

Drains the skin, eczema, severe pruritus, dehydrated skin, psoriasis, skin allergies.

Cercis siliquastrum:

Juvenile arthritis, arteriosclerosis, renal sclerosis

Citrus limonum:

Edema of the knees, thrombosis, varicose veins

Corylus avellana:

Acts as an astringent, bronchitis, allergic coryza, emphysema, pulmonary sclerosis, cirrhosis, anemia

Crataegus oxyacantha:

Indicated for cardiac-related diseases, cardiac insufficiency, hyperthyroidism, angina, hypertension, atherosclerosis, myocarditis, tachycardia

Ficus carica:

Anxiety neurosis, depression, duodenal ulcer, facial neuralgia, bulimia, dyspepsia, mania, anemia, headaches, psychosomatic disorders, colitis, vertigo, depression

Fraxinus excelsior:

Regulates blood uric acid levels, gout, inflammation of the ligaments, uterine fibroma, renal insufficiency

Juglans regia:

Pancreatic disorders, cirrhosis, eczema, impetigo, acne, bronchitis, intestinal gas, colitis, active against streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria

Juniperus communis:

Excellent liver and kidney drainer, renal insufficiency, hepatitis, urine retention, urethritis, pyelonephritis, hyperglycemia, high cholesterol, uric acid, liver cirrhosis

Olea europaea:

Arterosclerosis, arterial hypertension, phobia neurosis, agoraphobia, claustrophobia, obsessive neurosis, facial neuralgia, senility

Pinus montana:

Osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, fractures in children and the elderly, demineralization of the tissues, arthritis

Plantanus orientalis:

Recurrent cutaneous infections, acne, vitiligo, urticaria

Populus nigra:

Arthritis of the lower limbs, urethritis, cystitis, tracheal inflammation, chronic bronchitis

Prunus amygdalus:

Phobic neurosis, obsessive neurosis, high blood cholesterol, high triglycerides

Quercus pedunculata:

Universal drainer, adverse reaction of drugs, tinnitus, old age deafness, depression, stimulates secretion of testosterone, acts on gonads of sexes, periodonitis, sexual asthenia, frigidity, hypotension, pyorrhea

Ribes nigrum:

Allergic disorders, hay fever, inflammation of the respiratory tract, inflammation of the digestive system, inflammation of the urinary system, eczema, psoriasis, acne, sinusitis, rhinitis, chronic bronchitis, coryza, asthma, mononucleosis, emphysema, urticaria, prostatitis, inflamed tendons and ligaments, fractures, tendonitis, gout, hypotension, headaches, anemia, pancreatitis, infant rhinopharyngitis, duodenal ulcer

Rosa canina:

Migraines and headaches, children rhinopharyngitis, inflammatory conditions, warts, goiter, herpes, synovitis

Rosmarinus officinalis:

A great liver and kidney drainer, high triglycerides

Rubus fructicosus:

Uterine fibroma, osteoarthritis of the knee, consolidates bone tissue, osteoporosis

Rubus ideaus:

Regulates ovarian function, dysmenorrhea, menopause, vaginitis, premenstrual syndrome, promotes estrogen and progesterone secretion

Sequoia gigantea:

Male sexual asthenia, prostatitis, prostate adenoma, dysuria, impotency, uterine fibroma, numerous fractures, pollakiuria

Sorbus domestica:

Great lymphatic drainer, varicose veins, varicose ulcer, phlebitis, hemorrhoids, old age deafness, tinnitus

Tamarix gallica:

Stimulates formation of red blood cells, anemia, viral infection, mononucleosis

Tilia tomentosa:

Tranquilizer, depression, spasmodic colitis, obsession, anxiety neurosis, insomnia, hyperthyroidism, tachycardia

Ulmus campestris:

Drains oozing skin eruptions, regulates and balances the sebaceous gland, atopic dermatitis, impetigo, acne, herpes, boils, impetigo

Vaccinum vitis idaea:

Colitis, kidney stones, cystitis, gastrointestinal drainer, chronic constipation, diarrhea, uterine fibroma

Viburnum lantana:

Asthma, chronic spasmodic rhinitis, hyperthyroidism, bronchitis

Viscum album:

Tinnitus, hypertension, sciatica

Vitis vinifera:

Arthritis, osteoarthritis of the knees and hip, regulates white blood cells, for all neo-formation, phlebitis, benign tumor, bone cancer, papilloma.

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